Padma Purana, Srstikhanda, Chapter 17:
Once Lord Brahma came to know that a demon, Vajranash, was killing people here so Lord Brahma intoned a mantra on a lotus flower and killed the demon. During this process the parts of Lotus fell on three places are situated within a circuit of about six miles, and are called the
- Jyeshtha (elder) Pushkar,
- Madhya (central) Pushkar, and
- Kanishtha (younger) Pushkar
- Ratnagiri in the south,
- Nilgiri in the north,
- Sanchoora in the west and
- Suryagiri in the east and positioned demigods there to protect the yajna performance.
According to astrological calculations, the sacrifice had to begin at once, so Brahma asked Indra, the king of the heavenly planets, to provide him a suitable wife to assist in the sacrifice. Lord Indra chose a cowherd girl, but the sacrifice required that the girl be of the brahmana caste. So the devas purified the girl, or elevated her caste, by passing her through a cow (into the cow’s mouth and out the other end), because in Vedic culture cows are considered pure and of the same caste as the brahmanas. The girl then became known as Gayatri, “one who was pulled through a cow.” She married Brahma and performed the yajna.
When Saraswati arrived and saw that Brahma had married without her permission, so she cursed
- Brahma saying that he would be worshiped in Pushkar only.
- Indra to be easily defeated in battles,
- Lord Vishnu to suffer the separation from his wife as a human,
- the fire-god Agni who was offered the yajna to be all-devouring and
- the priests performing the yajna to be poor.
- Pushkar to be the king of pilgrimages,
- Indra would always retain his heaven,
- Vishnu would be born as the human Rama and finally unite with his consort by fire and
- the priests would become scholars and be venerated.
- Kanaka, and
- Nanda flow in the Puskar area, but at present they are invisible to ordinary eyes.
It is also said that Lord Varaha appeared at Varaha ghat here, and Lord Rama came and bathed here. The sage Parasara is said to have been born here. His descendants, called Parasara Brahamans, are still found in Pushkar and the surrounding area.